Thanks to all my firefox proxy.pac DNS irritations, I finally decided to ditch my ssh -D socks proxy for a tunnel into a squid. While I set up the firewall and enough protection for the proxy, I wanted to enable password protection on it. But basic authentication is not much of a protection and I didn't want to create a dummy user in the systtem to use this. Basically, I wrote my own squid authenticator - a simple enough task in hindsight.
If you inspect your default squid.conf, you'll find a line somewhat like this. This is your authenticator hook, which is a program which reads a single line in and outputs either "OK" or "ERR".
auth_param basic program <uncomment and complete this line>
Now, after I know how the authentication works, it was as easy as pi. A simple enough script in whatever language you're comfortable in will do - I prefer python over perl and this sample's in py.
#!/usr/bin/python import os, sys,re LINE_PAT = re.compile("([a-z_]*) (.*)\n") u = sys.stdin.readline() while u: m = LINE_PAT.match(u) if m: (user,pw) = m.groups() if authenticate(user,pw): print "OK" else: print "ERR" else: print "ERR" sys.stdout.flush() u = sys.stdin.readline() sys.exit(0)
Define your own version of authenticate, for example mine accepts a password that is "<fixed>.<OTP>" and the OTP is regenerated every 4 hours (not a very secure channel for transmitting that, but it works). You could probably build something similar to what RSA keycards use, which is basically the same principle.
auth_param basic program /usr/local/bin/sq_custom_auth acl password proxy_auth REQUIRED # password protected http_access allow password
Voila, you have a squid authentication that doesn't need a system account. Of course, there are more proper ways of doing this - like backing it with Mysql, LDAP or even RADIUS. But for a non-sysadmin like me, it needn't scale or be absolutely bulletproof. Probably took me much less time to do this, than write out this blog entry. But I wrote this so that sometime later, I can come back and look at this instead of remembering how to do this.--
Always think of something new; this helps you forget your last rotten idea.
-- Seth Frankel